Qualitative research on gendered well-being among women forced migrants so far has for the most part focused on women’s identity and agency converging with movement and space (Hajdukowski-Ahmed et al., 2013). This kind of research has been able to point to risk and protective factors of women’s vulnerability to violence, including sexual abuse and other forms of sexual and gender based violence during war and in flight and refugee situations. Studies have had a feminist approach in that they stressed how women managed to change their predicament by using, adapting and mediating social and cultural resources at their disposal that could provide space for women’s agency, both in conflict and post-conflict situations.
However, refugee women or internally displaced women, if we disregard the legal category, have multilayered and multifunctional identities before, during and after the very conditions that created their uprootment, giving rise to possible legal statuses and categories. The intersection of one’s class, religion, sexuality, nationality/race, and membership in social groups produces different gender relations across time and space. As pointed out by Stasilius (1999:194) “Multiple relations of power intersect in complex ways to position individuals and collectivities in shifting and often contradictory location within geopolitical spaces, historical narratives and movement politics.”