As a result of the war in the former Yugoslavia, in the period from 1991 / 1992, Serbia accepted a large numbers of refugees and displaced persons. According to the Serbian Commissariat for Refugees and Migration’s statement on the World Refugee Day June 20, 2016, still 29,457 persons have the refugee status in the Republic of Serbia. According the same statement, 618.000 persons received a refugee status in the Republic of Serbia from 1991 to 1995. In addition, in Serbia there are more than 203,000 internally displaced persons from Kosovo and Metohija.
Upon arriving to Serbia, refugees and internally displaced persons were sent to accommodation in one of many collective centres that had been opened throughout the entire Serbia. In 1996, there were about 700 centres, accommodating around 50,000 people. The number of collective centres has gradually decreased and today, in June 2016, there are 9 collective centres with 347 persons in them. Displacing people from the collective centres is aided by the Regional Housing Programme, and individuals or families have been provided with accommodation by either providing housing units for use, leasing with possibility for a favourable purchase, allocating building materials or purchasing village houses with grounds.