As we saw in the literature review, which is focused on previous research conducted in Kosovo especially related to displacement and migration, a variety of instruments have been used in Kosovo. Our findings tend to support previous assertions that females, especially Kosovo Albanian females, have had to endure a number of traumatic events. Also, our findings suggest that family support is very important for displaced persons, especially females. This is in line with previous suggestions that family networks were very important in the face of challenges related to lack of community support and low institutional capacity to provide support. Results show that:

  1. Respondents had high results on scales of salutogenesis. Refugees, displaced persons and returnees show that they have high level of satisfactions, and displaced persons and returnees show that they are more optimistic than refugees. The differences in results are because displaced persons such as the case of Albanians in southern Mitrovica have shown higher optimism about their return to the places where they lived before; also returnees appear high in optimism as they may hope that after their return the possibility of a better life is greater.
  2. On pathology scales refugees have higher self-esteem than displaced persons and returnees, returnees have higher level of anxiety, refugees and displaced persons had higher number of stressful event. Based on results, this can be explained that the refugees in may want to appear strong in the face of their challenges and therefore their self-esteem is higher than for other categories. For returnees experiencing anxiety is normal considering that now they begin to face more day-to-day problems with living in their place of origin. Generally speaking the males have more level of satisfaction compared to females, but when we look at female respondents, female refugees have highest level of satisfaction than male refugees, female refugees have higher self-esteem than female displaced persons and female returnees, and female returnees have higher level of anxiety. Also female refugees and female o displaced persons had higher number of stress events.
  3. Respondents in the age group 32-45 have the highest perception of quality of life than other age groups. This same group of young females has highest level of satisfaction. Older women are faced with many problems in life so the levels of anxiety and stress are bigger. Single persons have highest level of satisfaction than those with other marital status.
  4. Marriage seems not to be an important factor on analysis; single persons have high level of life satisfaction. But we found no statistical differences on pathology scales.
  5. Family structure - families who have children under 17 years have more structured time than those who do not have children that age; this result is normal considering that when you have children organizing time is more structured as a result of many factors such as children’s school schedule. Also, families who have members with mental health problems have shown negativity in the perception of life and quality of life.
  6. Number of times of displacement - those people who have changed residence frequently have higher anxiety than other categories; this result is also expected because the frequent movements, often in different countries, produce challenges and that can result in anxiety.
  7. Regarding ethnic differences, results show that Kosovo Albanians and Kosovo Serbs have higher level of satisfaction than RAE (Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian) groups. Kosovo Serbs are more optimistic than other ethnic groups. This result may be due to statements of political support for this ethnic group coming from the state of Serbia and therefore they have higher optimism than other ethnic groups. Kosovo Albanians, on the other hand, have slightly higher feelings of self-esteem. This may be because unlike other groups, they belong to the majority ethnic group in their country. Additionally, Kosovo Serbs have the higher level of structured use of time; Kosovo Albanians have higher level of family support; K-Serbs have higher level of anxiety; K-RAE and K-Albanians had higher number of stressful events.
  8. Level of education - persons with university level of education have higher levels of satisfaction compared to others. Respondents with no education have the higher level of family support. Respondents with university level of education have a higher level of structured use of time.
  9. Sources of income - respondents with private business have more satisfaction than other groups; respondents with peasant source of income have higher level of family support; respondents with pension as a source of income have higher level of self-esteem. Respondents who are financed by the goods from other from abroad have higher levels of anxiety and loneliness. Respondents with private business had a higher number of stressful events.
  10. Current places of living - respondent who live on collective centres have low satisfaction with life; respondents who live on social housing reflects a higher level of structured use of time; respondents who rent a house/flat had a higher number of stressful events than other groups.
  11. Physical injury - people that had injury perceive their life as of lower quality.
  12. Visiting psychiatrists, psychologist or neurologist - Respondents who visited mental health specialists have lower perception on the quality life. On pathology scales they have higher stress and higher anxiety.
  13. Having diagnosis - Respondents who have diagnosis have higher self-esteem, lower optimism, lower family support and lower time structure perception, while on pathology scales they have higher stress and higher anxiety.